Maturity with moral virtues; A phenomenological study of Al-Muttaqīn sermon

Document Type : scientific


Assistant professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran,


Maturity is generally explained by age growth and human evolution from childhood to adulthood. Chris Argyris considers a mature being as a person who goes through the stages of maturity from infancy to childhood and from childhood to adolescence and then to adulthood. At this stage, she/he is active, independent, self-aware with deep interests and capable of a wide range of behaviors with a long-term perspective. Although having these traits was necessary for growth, it was never sufficient. In this study, the researcher aware of the theories of maturity and through analyzing the data obtained from Al-Muttaqīn sermon (the pious sermon) by interpretive phenomenology method and using coding strategy, discovered nineteen basic concepts and seven important categories, i.e. "struggle with selfishness", "honesty and integrity", "self-assessment", "moderation", "endurance", "reasonable life" and "science and religion" from the words of Imam Ali (AS) and then discussed them. These categories are coherent dimensions of moral virtues for the full development of human beings during adulthood.