Factors affecting on creation of group cohesion in military forces according to Imam Ali (p) statements in Nahj-albalagheh

Document Type : scientific


1 University of Isfahan



The history of cohesion introduction is refer to famous janowits and shills article about cohesion and rupture. This article was published in 1948. According to them, cohesion is a unique form of combat motivation that provides by interpersonal relationship and cohesion is means motivation. The purpose of this study is exploring and identifying factors providing group cohesion in military forces according to Imam Ali (p) statements in Nahj-Albalagheh. The study type is application and for extract factors and confirmation of them, mix method was used. In qualitative section, with coding of Imam Ali (p) statements, 31 main code for creating group cohesion was identified and in quantitative section with regard to the qualitative sections data, 243 respondents was completed the researcher made questionnaire. To determine the sample size, Cochran formula was used. Questionnaire validation was confirmed by content and structure methods with structural equation modelling. Questionnaire reliability was confirmed by cronbach alpha. Results show that inter-organizational and out of organization factors creating the group cohesion. Governor, administrator and people is about out of organization factors and commanders, military personnel and staffing system is about inter-organizational factors. Among them, commanders have the most effect and people has the least effect on creation group cohesion.


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