A Scale for Measuring the Wise Leadership at Work (WLW): Development and Validation of a Multidimensional Measure

Document Type : scientific


1 Ph.D. of Public Administration, Department of Public Administration, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Master of Public Administration, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran


The present study is conducted to represent a scale for measuring the wise leadership in Mazandaran executive agencies. Method of the research, in terms of purpose, is a descriptive-analytical method. In this study, statistical population consists of the employees of Mazandaran executive agencies. On the basis of Cochran's formula, 248 employees are selected as a sample. Study is conducted in two stages. In the first stage, the model's dimensions and components recognized by means of literature review and interview with experts through purposive sampling method. Eventually, on the basis of experts' opinions, 10 dimensions and 46 items extracted to design the model. In the second stage, the validated factor analysis and the questionnaire were used to validate the recognized components. Research results based on structural equations showed that all items as constructs are validated in the wise leadership; i.e. the value of Average Value Extracted (AVE) for all items were more than 0.50. Also, the final model is supported by fit indices (RMSEA=0.073; RMR=0.015; NFI=0.99, and GFI=0.95). The average level of the wise leadership and its qualities in the statistical sample was more than the considered average. Nowadays, many leaders use knowledge improperly, and are unable to develop and foster its better types. It must be noted that the present situation request for the wise leaders who transform the knowledge to wisdom through dynamic organizational processes, and foster the wisdom in others.


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